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Faisal Hossain
Faisal Hossain

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Bagerhat District Brief Information and Places of Interest

Bagerhat is a district in southwestern Bangladesh. It belongs to Khulna division. Bagerhat district is divided into 9 upazilas. The first settlers in Bagerhat were the non-Aryans. These include the Austrians and Dravidians from the Mediterranean region and the Mongolian Alpine. The Paundrakshatriya community is a great example of the non-Aryan influence in this region. People of this community live in different places of this district especially in Rampal upazila. Pundra is a corruption of the word pura or pod. The word Paundra is a Dravidian word meaning sugarcane. The people of the Namasudra community belonging to the non-Aryan class also live in large numbers in Bagerhat. Their former name is Chandal. They come from Barind region and live here. Besides, there is a class of fishermen or fishermen living in Bagerhat whose original males are Negrobatu (Negroid). They are the earliest inhabitants of the Indian subcontinent. About two and a half thousand years before the birth of Christ, the Aryans or the original Norwegian or Indivites came to this region from Central Asia. Among the inhabitants of this region are the heard streams of Aryans and non-Aryans. The non-Aryans who worshiped objects used to follow Kaum Dharma (Tibal Dharma).

The Aryans who worship Shakti bring Vedic religion. The sun and fire were their gods. Hinduism was established in a mixture of rituals and ceremonies of both Aryan and non-Aryan religions. Eighteenth Bhuja Devimurti of Kasti stone found at Panighat, a very ancient place of Bagerhat. Carries the identity of development. 1450 AD Khanjahan Ali (RA) dug Khanjeli Dighi. At this time other common meditating Buddha statues were found. The statue was erected during the Pala period in 1971 by Buddhist priest Bishudhananda Mahathero at the Kamalapur Buddhist monastery. It bears the imprint of Buddhist influence in the region. Hat Bagerhat in the Sundarbans Bagerhat is a coastal district in the southwestern corner of Bangladesh. The history of the prosperity of this ancient Samatat is similar to that of many ancient settlements of the subcontinent. Bagerhat is one of the three World Heritage Sites in Bangladesh declared by UNESCO. One of them is the fame of Khanjahan (Rah :) along with the historic sixty-domed mosque, the other is the Sundarbans which is a marvel of nature. Bagerhat is called the city of historical mosques. Which is now part of the cultural world heritage. For the Muslim architectural monuments built in the Middle Ages, the name Bagerhat will always be associated with the glorious work of Hazrat Khan Jahan (Rah :) (Khan ul Azam Ulugh Khan-i-Jahan). The name of this district is in the list of 15 lost cities of the world (Forbes). Bagerhat district is located 15 miles southeast of Khulna and 200 miles southwest of Dhaka. Today's Bagerhat was the capital of the Caliphate during the Sultanate period in the fourteenth century AD. Khan-ul-Azam Ulugh Khan-i-Jahan, as the representative of the sultans of Gaur, ruled over the present caliphate consisting of a large area of ​​present Jessore, Khulna and Bagerhat. The city-state named Cupitavaj, which appears on a map of the region made by the contemporary Portuguese, is considered by historians to be the caliphate of Khan Jahan. According to many, Bakerhat was named after Aga Baker, the founder of Bakharganj (ruler of Barisal) during the Mughal period. Over time it became Bagerhat. According to many, Bagerhat is named after the rest of the jagirdar Bakir Khan. However, there is also a crisis of proper reasoning in these cases. According to many, present day Bagerhat was part of the Sundarbans in ancient times. At that time there was a tiger infestation in any locality here. And that's probably why a funny person named this place Tiger Market. Today's Bagerhat is a corruption of that tiger market. During the war of liberation in 1971, Bagerhat district was under Sector 9. On 21 April the Pak army killed about 200 people in Khalishakhali and Babuganj markets. In Morelganj, 35 freedom fighters were martyred in a battle between the freedom fighters and the razakars and they killed more than a hundred people in the crooked canal of Sharankhola upazila. On 3 May, the Pak army killed 42 people at Shakhari Kathi Hat in Badhal union of Kachua upazila. On 21 May, the Razakars killed a number of people in Rampal Upazila and set fire to their houses. On 25 August, the Pak army and razakars jointly captured 9 people at Mansa in Bahirdia union of Fakirhat upazila and on 15 October they captured 60 innocent Bengalis from Bhasa Bazar in Moghia union of Kachua upazila and killed them near village Vasarhat pool. During the War of Independence, 200 Pak soldiers, including a captain, were killed in a battle with the freedom fighters at Chakulia (Charkulia) in Mollahat. Jessore was turned into a district during the reign of Lord Cornwallis in 16 AD. Until 1842, Khulna was a subdivision of Jessore district and Bagerhat was a thana under Khulna subdivision. In 1849, two Englishmen with the title of Morel established a port at Morelganj in Bagerhat. On 26th November 181 AD, there was a bloody clash (Blue Rebellion) called Morel-Rahimullah. At this time the literary emperor Bankimchandra was the Deputy Magistrate of Khulna. Because of that conflict, he recommended the establishment of a subdivision in Bagerhat for administrative purposes. Based on this recommendation In 183 Bagerhat was transformed into a subdivision under Jessore district. Khulna district was formed in 182 with Khulna, Satkhira and Bagerhat subdivisions. After the independence of Bangladesh, on 23 February 1974, Bagerhat became a district. Bagerhat District General Information: Area: 3,959.11 sq km. Municipalities: 3: Bagerhat Municipality (Bagerhat Sadar), Mongla Port Municipality (Mongla) and Morelganj Municipality (Morelganj) Total number of unions in the district: 75. Number of villages: 1,046. Number of rivers: 32 9 Upazilas: These are:Kachua, Chitalmari, Fakirhat, Bagerhat Sadar, Mongla, Morelganj, Mollarhat, Rampal and Sharankhola. Places of interest in Bagerhat district: 1. Sixty dome mosque 2. Tomb of Khan Jahan Ali 3. Sundarbans 4. Mongla port 5. Reza Khoda Mosque 6. Zinda Pir Mosque 6. Thanda Pir Mosque 6. Singair Mosque 9. Bibi Beguni Mosque 10. Limestone mosque 11. Nine dome mosque 12. Kodala Math 13. Ranabijaypur Mosque 14. Ten-domed mosque 15. Sundarbans Resort, Barrackpore 16. Chandramahal, Ranjitpur 17. Khan Jahan Ali Civil Airport

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